tongshantang hospital of chinese medicine

How to Read Urine Test

2017-07-24 16:16

How to Read Urine Test

Modern citizens’ awareness of health increasingly increase. If have condition, every one will have a year physical examination, and some company will arrange one. During these test, urine test is the most common one. But it does not like blood sugar or blood pressure have a clear message, it often indicates something. These indicates makes us very hard to understand the meaning of urine test. Today, we will provide some information for you to have a brief know about urine test.

1. Protein Urine (PRO)

Normally is negative.

When increased, + occurs, it often means nephritis, nephropathy, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, systemic diseases involving the kidney, drug-induced kidney damage, but sometimes, fever, strenuous exercise, gestation period will also lead to positive.

2.NIT

Normally, negative.

Positive means urine tract stone, infection. If sample places too long will cause false positive.

3.PH

Normal range 4-8

Increased: Respiratory alkalosis, certain metabolic alkalosis, alkaline drugs such as sodium bicarbonate.

Decreased: Respiratory acidosis, metabolic acidosis, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, acidic drugs, gout

4. SG

Normal range: 1.009-1.035

Increased: Diabetes, acute nephritis, diarrhea, vomiting, fever

Decreased: Diabetes insipidus, excessive drinking, late renal failure, use of diuretics, etc.

5. KET

Normal: Negative

Positive: Diabetes, prolonged fasting, vomiting, dehydration, fever, hypothyroidism, diarrhea, or excessive intake of fat.

6. URO

Normal: Negative(-)

Increased: Abnormal liver function, intestinal obstruction, chronic constipation, increased red cell failure, acute fever

Decreased: Obstruction of bile duct, acute hepatitis, diarrhea.

8. BIL

Normal: Negative (-)

Positive: Obstructive jaundice, hepatocellular jaundice, congenital non hemolytic jaundice

9. GLU

Normal: Negative (-)

Increased: Diabetes, hyperthyroidism, chronic liver disease, adrenal cortical hyperfunction

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